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Medical treatment for allergy

Bulent Mamikoglu, M.D. and Timothy C. Hain, M.D.

Last updated: December 12, 2015

See also:

We are mainly discussing treatment allergic rhinitis, and we are not attempting to cover food allergy.

We also are attempting to use "common names", sometimes trade names, to make this page more useful to patients. There is an immense literature concerning allergy treatment -- we are not attempting to be comprehensive, but hoping to be practical. There are many excellent online resources for allergy treatment. You should ask your health care provider about safety of these medications -- and especially in high risk patients or pregnancy.

Treatment of allergy

Once allergies have been identified, most patients start with simple treatments such as avoidance, pharmacotherapy (usually sprays for the eye or nose, antihistamine or steroid pills) and move on to immunotherapy if symptoms are significant and the other two methods are not sufficient.

Avoidance of allergens is great if possible, but it may not always be practical to avoid breathing air containing allergins.

Medications for allergy include:

Antibiotics are not treatments for allergy. In other words a "z-pack" is treating infection, not allergy.

Other approaches to allergy treatment include allergy shots and sublingual drops. These have the advantage that they can "cure" the allergy, but take more up-front work.

References:

 

Copyright August 3, 2016 , Timothy C. Hain, M.D. All rights reserved. Last saved on August 3, 2016