Questionnaires for for Tinnitus
Timothy C. Hain, MD. Tinnitus Page Page last modified:
November 15, 2015
As tinnitus as well as hyperacusis are generally a subjective phenomena, perceptible to the sufferer but not the clinician, there have been many attempts to quantify tinnitus using questionnaires. The purpose of this page is to provide access to the most common surveys.
As a general comment, these lists of questions are just lists of questions -- they don't have the same meaning as, for example, a blood test or brains scan. They are vulnerable to exaggeration, malingering, bias in some situations, and of course are very much related to the cognitive state of the individual taking the questions. There are so many of these lists of questions, that there are now papers concerninc comparing one list to another. Seems a little silly. Drawing inferences from these lists of questions is subject to the same general considerations as when an attorney is taking a deposition -- is the person telling the truth ? Are they consistent ? Are they using words in the same way that everyone else uses words ?
- Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI),
- This is a heavily used questionnaire thought to have three factors (tinnitus, anxiety, depression).
- THI-s (simplified) 10 item version of THI
- Tinnitus Handicap Questionnaire (THQ),
- Tinnitus functional index (TFI) (Fackrell et al, 2015) (Schmidt et al, 2014).
- This is a questionnaire aimed to measure tinnitus magnitude, without influence of psychological variables.
- Visual Analogue Scale of loudness (VAS-Loudness)
- Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI)
- Beck's Anxiety Inventory (BAI)
- Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3
- State-Trait Anxiety inventory
- Percentage Annoyance question
- Fackrell, K., et al. (2015). "Psychometric properties of the Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI): Assessment in a UK research volunteer population." Hear Res.
- Kleinstauber, M., et al. (2015). "A confirmatory factor analytic validation of the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory." J Psychosom Res 78(3): 277-284.
- Lee, J. H., et al. (2014). "Adequacy of the Simplified Version of the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI-S) to Measure Tinnitus Handicap and Relevant Distress." Korean J Audiol 18(1): 19-27.
- Schmidt, C. J., et al. (2014). "Toward development of a tinnitus magnitude index." Ear Hear 35(4): 476-484.
August 3, 2016
, Timothy C. Hain, M.D.
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August 3, 2016