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HEADACHE AND FACIAL PAIN

Timothy C. Hain, MD Page last modified: March 5, 2017

About 21% of the adult population develops headache in any 2-week period.

CAUSES OF HEADACHE (links provide more detail).

  1. Vascular (Migraine, Cluster,   arteritis, vascular malformations)
  2. Musculoskeletal
    1. tension,
    2. cervical
    3. Chiari malformation
    4. TMJ
  3. Sinus (about 10% of all HA, very often misdiagnosed)
  4. Post-trauma
  5. Altitude induced headaches
  6. Infectious (osteomyelitis, dental, encephalitis or meningitis)
  7. Neoplastic (i.e. brain tumor)
  8. Psychogenic

See here for a separate discussion of ear pain.

 

MISCELLANEOUS MINOR CAUSES OF HEADACHES

Headaches can also be sorted by their timing:

 

HEADACHE: HISTORY

HEADACHE: EXAMINATION

Examination is usually normal unless having a headache.

LABORATORY TESTS FOR HEADACHE

Tests usually not helpful

Guidelines for scans.

HEADACHE REFERENCES

(C) Timothy C. Hain, MD

Copyright March 5, 2017 , Timothy C. Hain, M.D. All rights reserved. Last saved on March 5, 2017